Images courtesy of Gabriela Medina

The Awajún, also known as Aguaruna, are an indigenous people located in the northern part of the Peruvian Amazon. They live primarily along the Marañón River and some tributaries near the border of Ecuador. The Awajún are one of the most numerous in peoples of the Peruvian Amazon. Data obtained by the Ministry of Culture states that in 2017 37,693 people identified themselves as Awajún based on customs and traditions. Their language is part of the Jíbaro linguistic family and has been considered a vital language by the Ministry of Education.

The United Nations Organization for Education, Science and Culture UNESCO, declared an Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity to the values, knowledge and practices of the Awajún people as it pertains to their ancestral ceramic art form that continues to be transmitted to each generation.

Historically, during pre-Incan times, they were in contact with the Moche.  During the reign of the Incan empire, they were in contact with the governments of Tupac Yupanqui and Huayna Cápac, but with lots of clashes. With the Jesuits and the Spaniards who arrived later, there were also clashes. Consistently resisting the Jesuits, they eventually abandoned their missionaries in the 1700s. Years later in the 1920s, the Peruvian state launched oil exploration in the area, but it was halted and relaunched In the 1960s and 1970s.

Traditionally, they practice slash-and-burn agriculture where the women play a leading role and are responsible for the farm and harvesting cassava. Whereas for men, hunting is the main activity as well as manufacturing weapons, traps, and treatment of animal skins.

OUR WORK WITH THE COMMUNITY

Since 2018, we’ve worked closely with YAPIT Cultura Awajún, an organization that was created in 2013 with the objective to examine and protect the ancestral art of the Awajún. The group works with 100 traditional Awajún artists, the majority being women.

The Awajún traditionally express their art through ceramics, basketry, and bio-jewelry, all of which are made of natural materials like seeds, fruits, leaves, clay, and snails.


artform

In the Awajún universe, producing art is the product of a dynamic relationship between knowledge, ritual, and mythical narration. In their worldview, there are three powerful beings: Nugkui (spirit of the earth), Etsa (spirit of the forest) and Tsuqki (spirit of the water).

CERAMICS
TEXTILES
JEWELRY
BASKETRY
hunting
natural products
jempo
No items found.